Let’s face it: wrinkles are part of life as we age. And facial wrinkles in particular are bothersome since they develop in an area we present to the world each day. What causes these pesky age indicators to appear? And what can be done to slow their progress?
The Causes of Wrinkles
Wrinkles are creases, or lines, on the skin caused by aging and other factors. As the body ages, it stops producing certain proteins and natural oils that are needed to keep skin moist and elastic, with wrinkling of the skin as a result. Genetic factors also play a role in how early a person develops wrinkles in life, and the severity of the wrinkles. And over time, environmental factors such as sun damage, smoking, dehydration and the use of certain medications can contribute greatly to the development of wrinkles. But though an unavoidable part of life, wrinkles can be kept at bay for longer or prevented from getting worse with the following tips.
Tips on Preventing Wrinkles
- Protect your skin from the sun. As the No. 1 cause of wrinkles, sun exposure must be avoided at all costs. Use a daily sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher, and reapply throughout the day. Try to avoid the sun as much as possible. When in the sun — and even on overcast days, where up to 80 percent of the sun’s rays can pass through the clouds — wear sunglasses with 100 percent UV-ray protection and a hat.
- Eat antioxidant-rich foods and drink lots of water. What you put in your body comes out in your skin. Antioxidants in foods help to fight the free radicals in the body, which attack the skin’s collagen and elastic tissue, causing wrinkles. Some foods that contain high antioxidant levels include blueberries, cranberries, kiwis, prunes, kale, artichokes, walnuts, beans and salmon. And as your body’s largest organ, your skin needs to stay hydrated with plenty of water to maintain elasticity.
- Get enough sleep, and sleep on your back. When you sleep, skin cells renew themselves. And when you don’t get enough sleep, your body produces the hormone cortisol, which breaks down skin cells. Adequate sleep — seven to nine hours are recommended — leads the creation of more human growth hormone (HGH), a hormone that helps the skin remain more elastic. And sleeping on your back is the best option for avoiding the sleep lines on your face (which may create wrinkles over time).
- Use a good facial moisturizer. Regular application of moisturizing creams hydrate the skin, which may help prevent, or at the very least lessen the appearance of, wrinkles. The most effective moisturizers include ingredients such as retinol, peptides, vitamin C, alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), green tea extracts, kinetin and coenzyme Q10.
Want to Get Rid of Those Wrinkles?
Dr. Rafael Cabrera is well-known for helping his patients look decades younger through facelift surgery. To schedule a consultation with Dr. Cabrera, contact Plastic Surgery Specialists of Boca Raton at (561) 393-6400.